Back pain medications and treatments can cut down or completely relieve you of your discomfort. The most commonly complained about body part for pain, whether in the upper, middle, or lower section.
The most effective way to relieve back pain is to avoid causing injury. Preventative measures can decrease your risk of hurting yourself or aggravating a pre-existing condition. Check out causes for back pain, ways to lessen or get completely rid of pain, and tips to avoid pain.
Reasons for Back Pain
Back pain can come from injury, illness, and the natural aging process. It can develop and worsen over time or show up suddenly. Common conditions that cause back pain include the following:
- A sudden awkward movement or lifting something too heavy can cause back muscle and spinal ligament strain. Constant back strain can also cause muscle spasms.
- Spinal disks have soft material inside that cushion the vertebrae. The disk can bulge or rupture and press onto a nerve, causing pain. An accident or injury could cause a bulge or rupture. Disk disease is also a possible cause.
- Arthritis and osteoarthritis in the spine, or spinal stenosis, cause space around the spinal cord to narrow.
- Osteoporosis occurs when painful fractures develop due to porous and brittle bones.
- Other health and lifestyle factors increase your risk of getting back pain. The following puts you at risk for developing pain in your back and other areas:
- Older age increases your likelihood of developing back pain, commonly around 30 to 40 years of age.
- Not exercising leaves your muscles susceptible to weakening, and unused muscles in your abdomen and back can cause pain.
- Excess body weight adds stress to your back.
- Improper lifting can cause back strain.
- Smoking decreases blood flow to the spine, increases the risk of osteoporosis, and causes coughing, leading to herniated disks.
- Diseases like arthritis and cancer can lead to pain.
- Psychological conditions like depression and anxiety can make you more susceptible to back pain.
While you cannot stop aging, you can live a healthier lifestyle to avoid causing back pain. The best back pain management is prevention. But if you are already suffering, several back pain relief methods can lessen the pain or gt rid of it completely.
Back Pain Relief Treatments
Lower, middle, and upper back pain relief methods can be passive, such as through meditation and relaxation, active, like doing back exercises, and medical with pain medications. You and your doctor should consider the cause of your back pain when reviewing treatments.
Wait and See
While you might not want to hear “just wait and see” when you are in pain, but some lumbago relief is simply a waiting game. If you experience pain after an injury, you will need to wait for your injury to heal.
For instance, you may need severe upper back pain relief after a sports injury, like pulling a shoulder muscle. It still takes time to heal from strains and other muscle injuries, no matter what therapy you use.
However, some home remedies can help ease your pain while waiting for your back to heal. Heat and cold therapy expands and constricts blood vessels, both of which reduce discomfort. No matter which temperature treatment you are using or alternating between both, restrict heating and cooling packs to no longer than 15 minutes on your body.
If you are looking for middle back spasm relief, a massage could relax your muscles. Massages ease pain and can loosen and stretch muscles. The practice of massage encourages your body to heal itself since it increases blood flow.
During your healing time, you may want to look into your lowering your stress levels. Stress releases chemicals like cortisol, which can cause your muscles to tense and your body to be hyperalert. A stressful lifestyle can make back pain worse.
Sleeping can be difficult when you are in pain. Likewise, poor sleeping positions can worsen back pain. Consider if a new mattress or sleeping arrangement could help reduce your pain, like sticking a pillow between your knees as a side sleeper.
Stand Up, Stretch, Keep Moving, and Exercise
You may think the best upper back relief is just to relax, but inactivity can aggravate pain and weaken muscles. Stretching and movement keep muscles active without causing too much strain on injuries.
Some back pain management professionals would recommend exercising as a way to combat your pain. Stretching and exercises can relieve you of current discomfort and prevent future injury from effortless neck rotations to reverse dumbbell flies.
Yoga, for instance, can help with upper back spine pain relief by helping you align your neck, shoulders, and spine. The child’s pose is good for lower, middle, and upper back relief, as it stretches and elongates your spine.
Each sciatic nerve affects a side of your body, and nerve pain can feel crippling. A slipped disk or a bone spur can cause pain in your sciatic nerve. This pain can feel like burning, numbness, weakness, and more.
Working with a physical therapist could help strengthen muscles that support your back and improve your posture. Many sciatic nerve treatments involve exercise. A therapist will create a personalized plan to do with them and at home.
Seeking Professional Help
You may need back pain medication for serious pain. Over-the-counter medications like NSAIDs (ibuprofen and naproxen) are pain relievers and anti-inflammatories.
For lower and upper back pain management, you may want to speak to your doctor about prescription medication. Muscle relaxers, for example, can treat and relieve muscle spasms and tight muscles.
Your doctor may suggest an epidural injection if you have tried other back pain relief methods for more than six months. An epidural injection is a steroid shot into your spine.
Acupuncture is an ancient Chines medicine practice that involves sticking thin needles into strategic points on the body to relieve pain or cause another outcome. It can take six to eight weeks to feel the effects of acupuncture, but it does not work for everyone.